Algeria (Arabic: الجزائر) is a country in North Africa. It has a Mediterranean Sea coastline in the north and is surrounded by Morocco to the northwest, Tunisia to the northeast, Libya to the east, Niger to the southeast, Mali to the southwest, Mauritania and Western Sahara to the west. After the secession of South Sudan from Sudan, Algeria became the largest country in Africa. Recent Algerian history has been marred by civil wars. That said, Algeria is gradually restoring order and will prove an interesting — if difficult — destination.
the metropolitan area around the capital
the extensive mountains and high plains east of Algiers
the mountainous coastal area west of Algiers
the mountain range inland of the high plateaus
the vast desert in the south of the country
- Algiers — with nearly 3 Million inhabitants Algiers is the Capital but also political and cultural centre of Algeria. Beautiful mix of white-washed French buildings, narrow streets of the UNESCO listed Casbah, beautiful parks and the magic Bay of Algiers.
- Annaba — A town with 200,000 inhabitants located in the east of Algeria next to the border of Tunisia. Annaba enjoys nice colonial building, a very nice church on a hill built for Saint-Augustin and amazing beaches.
- Batna — A modern city in the Aures region, in the East of Algeria. Near can be found Timgad, one of the most beautiful Roman ruins in the world, but also the Ghoufi Canyons.
- Bechar — Small city in the Sahara, not far away from the Moroccan border.
- Constantine — An impressive city in the East, full of history and traditions, on huge and dramatic cliffs and crossed by various bridges.
- Oran — Biggest city after Algiers also called second Paris by Algerians, with many impressive buildings from the colonial time. Oran is the city of partying and leisure with its beaches and nightclubs and the worldwide famous Raï music.
- Sétif — South of Kabylia with quite moderate temperatures and occasional snow falls in the winter. Near can be found Djemila, a beautiful ancient Roman city.
- Tamanrasset — Largest town in the South and starting point for expeditions to the Sahara and the Hoggar mountains
- Bejaia — Second largest city in Kabylia, with an amazing coastline, gorgeous beaches and nice architecture, a castle can be visited on the Gourara mountain.
- Ghardaia — A UNESCO listed city where the desert starts with its marvellous Mzab architecture and its art.
- Tipaza — A very nice city next to Algiers with beautiful beaches and Roman ruins next to the sea.
- Mostaganem — A very touristy city next to Oran, known in the whole country for its culture and its numerous and very nice beaches.
- Tlemcen — A sophisticated city full of history, the most Moorish city of Algeria with its mosques and Muslim architecture.